Tuesday, November 8, 2016

Gramatika engleskog - kako je učiti?



Gramatiku engleskog je stvarno teško učiti zbog velikog broja pravila, a još više zbog još većeg broja izuzetaka.

Tičerka sa Youtube kanala nam objašnjava da treba da zapamtimo dve stvari:


  1. KAKO da koristim određeni oblik (forma/struktura)
  2. ZAŠTO ga koristimo (upotrebe)
  3. i da začinite ove dve bitne stvari sa PUNO PRIMERA :) 
To bi bila suština ovog njenog javljanja... a ostatak možete slušati i razumeti na engleskom:


Take the quiz here: Do you have to learn grammar? I have to learn grammar sometimes. I'm a grammar teacher. And I know grammar is really, really difficult sometimes. And it just makes you want to scream, pull your hair out, freak out, and cry sometimes. "I hate grammar." The reason why grammar is so difficult is because it's confusing; you have to remember so many rules; and then, there are exceptions to these so many rules; and it's just really confusing; and it's very different from your native language or languages, depending on how many you speak. So really, really easy, really effective method to learn any grammar ever in the world. So today's lesson is how to learn, remember, and use any grammar that is on a test, whether you're taking TOEFL or TOEIC or IELTS or Cambridge -- anything that you have to remember grammar for, this is going to be a godsend for you. It's going to help you so much. Great. So let's get into it.
First one, you have two points to remember. That's it. Two. Done. The first one is the structure. You have to remember and know how the grammar is made. Okay? The second point is how or why do we use this? Why do I need to learn this stupid grammar? Am I ever going to use it in real life? Why would I say this? Why do I need present perfect? Why can't I just use simple past? Why do I need continuous? Why do I need passive? These are the questions you have to ask two people, one, your teacher, and two, yourself. If you are teaching English and you don't know structure, and more importantly, how and why, you've got some homework to do.
People -- students have asked me, "Teacher, why?" "I don't know." Just say to them, "I don't know." Go look it up. Do some research. Find the answer. The best thing is to find your own answer if you have to do this. So let's dive into this.
First of all, when I say "structure", I mean how do you make the grammar? How do you make the sentence? So if I give you the example of present continuous, this is the name of the grammar. If you just remember the name of the grammar, it's useless. So it comes to the test and it says, "Write a present continuous sentence." He's like, "Uh, I know present continuous. How do you make it?"
So the way that I always remember grammar is I always like to use a subject. Now, if you want to replace the word "subject" with any other word like [random sounds] or "dog", that's cool. But I like to use "subject" as my beginning.
Then, for present continuous, it's going to be "to be verb". But instead of just writing "to be verb", it really, really helps you if you write out the different forms of the "to be" verb. So for example, "I am", "he is", "we are". Okay?
The second thing -- sorry. The last thing in the present continuous that makes the verb continuous is you're going to have the -ing. So the structure or the form that I like to use for the present continuous is subject + "am", "is", "are" + verb + ing. The present continuous also has another name, which is "present progressive". They're exactly the same grammar point. The usages are the same. But it's just a different word for it. Don't worry. It's cool. Don't worry about it.
So next step -- we've got the structure. Next step, very important, how or why do I use this? Why do I need to use this grammar? Why do I need to learn this grammar? You need to learn it because it's on your test. But as soon as the test is finished, why would I use this? How would I say this in my life? Answer -- actions you are doing now. What are you doing right now? Are you watching a video? I think you are. So maybe you're watching a video. Maybe you're eating something. Maybe you're brushing your teeth. I can't see you. You can see me. What are you doing? Ah. Okay. Good. So present continuous, as an example, structure, how and why.
Another really, really good thing to do is to write down as many examples as you can. It's always good to practice the grammar written. Also, talk. Speak. Get a video recorder and talk into it -- or tape recorder, digital recorder. Listen to yourself saying the new grammar sentences. It will help you remember if you play it back.

Monday, November 7, 2016

Present Simple Vizuelno objašnjenje


Verovali ili ne u ovoj video lekciji možete saznati nešto o Present Simple, ili Sadašnjem prostom vremenu, za nijansu različitiji način nego u školi.

Ako odgledate ovaj video od 5. minuta saznaćete da možete da se AUTOMATSKI setite ovog gramatičkog vremen uz ključne reči koje će vas podsetiti o čemu se radi, kao što je nacrtano, i u budućnosti možete koristiti ovu sličicu za ostala vremena:


Evo primera za PRESENT SIMPLE, sadašnje prosto vreme














Ili u prevodu:


  • tema: Present Simple vreme
  • okidač: ISTINA
  • definicije (kad se koristi ovo vreme):
a. da iskažemo istinu o nekome/nečemu
b. da iskažemo navike (što je opet istina, koja se ponavlja)
c. da iskažemo radnje koje se ponavljaju (što je u stvari navika)
  • struktura: 
a. afirmativne rečenice: subjekat + glagol bez nastavaka (osim ako je subjekat u trećem licu jednine, nastavak koji se dodaje glagolu je -s)
b. negativne rečenice: subjekat + don't ili doesn't (kod trećeg lica jednine) + infinitiv glagola
c. interogativne rečenice: do ili does (pogađate već, kod trećeg lica jednine) + subjekat + infinitiv glagola

  • specijalni slučajevi : Pomoćni glagol biti & glagoli Modalni glagoli: CAN - MUST - SHOULD - MAY imaju sledeće izuzetke:
a. Modalni glagoli u svim licima imaju iste oblike  i glagol koji ih dopunjuje nema nastavaka (He can read - She must run - You should dance - It may die)
b. negacije se grade jedonstavnim dodavanjem NOT iza glagola (I'm not hungry / He can't come/She shouldn't learn Spanish)
c. upitni oblik se gradi inverzijom: (Can he read? Are you hungry) - isto kao i kod glagola TO BE 

Wednesday, November 2, 2016

Razumevanje engleske gramatike - ključni termini



Neophodni termini za razumevanje engleske gramatike


Za sve one koje interesuje engleska gramatika stiže jedna fantastična video lekcija, kao pravi uvod u temu! Ako hoćemo da pričamo o gramatici, moramo da znamo šta znače sledeći termini i kako ih razlikovati:


  1.  Imenica je osoba, mesto ili stvar, a engleska reč za imenicu je NOUN i izgovara se /n a u n/
  2. Glagol je reč koja opisuje akciju ili stanje kao što su reči koje čujete u video objašnjenju: (trčati za razliku od biti). Engleska reč za glagol je VERB i izgovara se /v. (r )b/
  3. Pridevi opisuju imenice  i ta reč na engleskom je ADJECTIVE i izgovara se  /e dž . k t i v/. Primeri su : crvena torba - a red bag. Ono što je divno u engleskom je što pridevi imaju samo jedan oblik i ne moramo dodavati nikakve nastavke za množinu, padeže, da ne pominjem rodove. Toga u engleskom nema!
  4. Prilozi opisuju glagole - kako nešto radimo. Engleska reč je ADVERB i izgovara se /e d v . (r ) b/
Ako slušate video videćete i sledeće primere gde treba da nadjete šta je nound - verb  -adjective i adverb:

a. Nađite glagol i prilog: I walk quickly. (rešenje je: WALK = glagol/verb, QUICKLY = prilog/adverb)
b. Nađite pridev i imenicu: The cat is tired (rešenje je: CAT = imenica  TIRED = pridev IS = glagol)

Pored ovih reči koje čujete u video objašnjenju, a vidite ih u primerima, dobro je znati i sledeće  dve vrste reči:

  1. Zamenica = pronoun (u primeru I walk quickly, to je I) - izgovor je /p r o n a u n/
  2. Član = article (u primeru The cat is tired, to je THE ) - izgovor je /a: (r) t i k l /